The Gun That Really Won The West

Whenever a conversation about the Old West starts it inevitably turns to the topic of guns. Many iconic firearms came from the period and huge advances in technology resulted in guns that are still useful today.

Winchester Lever Actions are one of the two, the other being the Colt Single Action Army, most associated guns springing from this this time. While they are both great guns others need to be recognized for their contributions. This post isn’t about those guns, it’s about the other, less popular guns, that made staggering contributions to our settling of a vast lawless land.

The Smith & Wesson Model 3 revolver often referred to as the “top break” because of how its reloaded was truly a revolutionary firearm. There are thousands of theories about why the Army adopted the Colt SAA over the S&W but the Army did buy a number of Model 3s as well. Chambered in all the popular calibers of the day the Model 3 has one huge advantage over the SAA, it’s much faster and easier to reload. To reload you simply “break” open the top of the gun as seen below.

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The cartridges eject, hopefully, and you load in six more. The gun had some disadvantages as well, mainly the durability of the frame but I’m in a good mood so I won’t go too in depth.

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The Springfield Model 1873 or the “Trapdoor” as it was called was the official Army rifle during most of the late 1800’s. Adopted over Winchester 73 because it was thought that the faster troops could shoot the faster they’d waste ammo the Trapdoor started its service at a marked disadvantage. A single shot rifle or carbine that reloads using a hinged breechblock system or a trapdoor, hence the name, the gun did have its advantages. It’s a pretty accurate gun, the trigger was much better than the Winchester, and with an experienced Trooper handling it he could come close to the rate of fire of a Winchester. Now the gun did have a tendency to jam, but that was an ammunition problem. Overall the gun did its duty, we did settle the West after all.

The Gun That Really Won The West

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Oh yes, girls and boys, there it is. The Gatling Gun. First used during the Civil War with devastating effect against the Nepoleonic tactics of the day the Gatling Gun was truly a game changing gun. Capable of a rate of fire not seen before the Gatling Gun gave Army leaders those secrets to winning any battle. Mobility and Force Multiplication. It had better accuracy and was much easier to maneuver through the lawless lands of the West than any cannon of the day. It could be operated by a minimum of two Troopers, although a four man crew is ideal. It’s the gun that could’ve saved Custer at Little Big Horn although I agree with his decision not to take them along. The Gatling Gun is truly the gun that tamed the Wild West. It’s so good Gatling Guns are still widely used today and an argument can be made that there wasn’t a better heavy machine gun produced until World War II.

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8 thoughts on “The Gun That Really Won The West

  1. Stan R. Mitchell

    Great article! And I was going to disagree with you about the Gatling Gun being the best heavy machine gun until WWII, but some quick research on the Maxim, Vickers, and a couple of others proved they weren’t as effective as I had them in my mind.

    So, again, great article.

    Liked by 1 person

    Reply
    1. tactpunk Post author

      The tactics of WWI made them much more effective than they actually were, doesn’t take a great gun to mow down infantry walking through open fields. Thanks again Stan, means a lot.

      Like

      Reply
      1. Stan R. Mitchell

        You make a great point about not needing a great gun for that kind of work; especially when you’ve got men in gas masks or fighting smoke, and trying to push through barbed wire or being directed into pre-sighted kill zones…

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Stan R. Mitchell

        Okay, damn it, stop! lol

        You’ve now nearly totally won me over, but it’s going to be hell bringing this up to a group of half-drunk vets, who’ve only seen Gatling Guns in crappy Westerns and “Dances with Wolves…”

        Liked by 1 person

      3. tactpunk Post author

        People forget Colt SAA’s were dangerous as hell and Winchesters were too expensive for most people. Side by Side shotguns had a lot to do with winning the west too.

        Like

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